Industry


Industry
   Industry became an important, diverse, and fast-growing sector of the Israeli economy that contributed about one third of the gross national product by the late 1970s and also became a major source of employment and of commodity exports. The manufacturing-sector output is similar in range, sophistication, and quality of products to that of smaller industrialized countries. Textile manufacturers produce a range of goods, including knitwear and high-fashion clothing, and there are also plastics, electronics, high-technology scientific and optical equipment, and food processing. The cutting and polishing of diamonds remains a major export industry. Israel's defense industries are dominated by government-owned plants, of which Israel Aircraft Industries is the largest. The mineral and chemical industry depends heavily on the Dead Sea, which is the country's leading mineral source and includes magnesium chloride, potassium chloride (potash), table salt, chlorine, and calcium and magnesium bromide. The Israel-Jordan Peace Treaty and interim agreements with the Palestine Liberation Organization both included provisions for the joint exploitation of minerals extracted from the Dead Sea region, as well as tourism and manufacturing in the region.
   Government policy supported industrial development with an export orientation to ease the country's chronic balance-of-payments problem. Emphasis was given to science-based industries, with a large value added by domestic manufacturing, particularly since the 1960s. This was the kind of export (e.g., chemicals, metal products, machinery, and electronic equipment) that, along with polished gem diamonds, grew most rapidly in the 1970s. Diamonds are the only product in which Israel has more than a peripheral share in any foreign market, although Israeli-manufactured arms and weapons systems have become very popular internationally and have become an important dimension of the country's export policy.
   See also Foreign Trade.

Historical Dictionary of Israel. .

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  • Industry — Industry, CA U.S. city in California Population (2000): 777 Housing Units (2000): 124 Land area (2000): 11.715453 sq. miles (30.342882 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.177850 sq. miles (0.460630 sq. km) Total area (2000): 11.893303 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Industry — ist der Name mehrerer Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Industry (Illinois) Industry (Iowa) Industry (Kalifornien) Industry (Maine) Industry (New York) Industry (Pennsylvania) Industry (Texas) Industry ist der Name mehrerer Musikgruppen: Industry… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Industry — In dus*try, n.; pl. {Industries}. [L. industria, cf. industrius diligent; of uncertain origin: cf. F. industrie.] [1913 Webster] 1. Habitual diligence in any employment or pursuit, either bodily or mental; steady attention to business; assiduity; …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • industry — [in′dəs trē] n. pl. industries [LME < MFr industrie < L industria < industrius, active, industrious < * indo struus < OL endo (> L in) + struere, to pile up, arrange: see STREW] 1. Obs. a) skill or cleverness b) the application… …   English World dictionary

  • industry — I (activity) noun adsiduitas, alacrity, application, ardor, assiduity, assiduousness, attention, bustle, busyness, constancy, determination, devotedness, devotion, diligence, diligentia, drive, dynamism, eagerness, earnestness, effort, employment …   Law dictionary

  • Industry, CA — U.S. city in California Population (2000): 777 Housing Units (2000): 124 Land area (2000): 11.715453 sq. miles (30.342882 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.177850 sq. miles (0.460630 sq. km) Total area (2000): 11.893303 sq. miles (30.803512 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Industry, IL — U.S. village in Illinois Population (2000): 540 Housing Units (2000): 223 Land area (2000): 0.471115 sq. miles (1.220181 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000668 sq. miles (0.001731 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.471783 sq. miles (1.221912 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Industry, PA — U.S. borough in Pennsylvania Population (2000): 1921 Housing Units (2000): 816 Land area (2000): 9.841635 sq. miles (25.489716 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.720393 sq. miles (1.865808 sq. km) Total area (2000): 10.562028 sq. miles (27.355524 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Industry, TX — U.S. city in Texas Population (2000): 304 Housing Units (2000): 142 Land area (2000): 1.044782 sq. miles (2.705973 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.021992 sq. miles (0.056960 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.066774 sq. miles (2.762933 sq. km) FIPS code:… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • industry — [n1] manufacturing big business*, business, commerce, commercial enterprise, corporation, management, manufactory, megacorp*, mob, monopoly, multinational, outfit*, production, trade, traffic; concepts 323,325 industry [n2] hard work activity,… …   New thesaurus


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